The rain quail is found in the Indian Subcontinent. It lacks barring on primaries. The male has a black breast-patch and distinctive head pattern of black and white. The female is difficult to separate from female common quail, although the spots on the breast are more delicate. It is 6.5 in in length and weighs 70 g.
It's distribution is Grassland, cropped fields, and scrubs in the Indus valley of central Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, ranging across the Gangetic plains, and parts of peninsular continental India. Mostly seen in winter further south.