img
Birds

Indian
Peafowl

Least Concern

Stable

Indian Peafowl

Pavo cristatus

The Indian Peafowl is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent and has been introduced into many parts of the world and feral populations exist in many introduced regions. The peacock is the national bird of India and is the largest Asian galliform. The species is found in dry semi-desert grasslands, scrub and deciduous forests. It forages and nests on the ground but roosts on top of trees. It eats seeds, insects, fruits, small mammals and reptiles. Females are about 86 cm long and weigh 5 kg, while males average at about 8 ft in full breeding plumage and weigh 6 kg.

The male is called a Peacock, the female a Peahen. The Indian Peacock has iridescent blue-green plumage. The upper tail coverts on its back are elongated and ornate with an eye at the end of each feather. These are the Peacocks display feathers. The female plumage is a mixture of dull green, grey and iridescent blue, with the greenish-grey predominating. In the breeding season, females stand apart by lacking the long tail feathers also known as train, and in the non-breeding season they can be distinguished from males by the green colour of the neck as opposed to the blue on the males.

Common Peafowl, Blue Peafowl, Peacock, Peahen

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    ময়ূর
  • Bhojpuri:
    मोर
  • French:
    Paon bleu
  • Gujarati:
    મોર (નર), ઢેલ (માદા)
  • Hindi:
    मोर, नीला मोर
  • Kannada:
    ನವಿಲು
  • Malayalam:
    ഇന്ത്യൻ മയിൽ, നീലമയിൽ
  • Marathi:
    मोर (नर), लांडोर (मादी)
  • Nepali:
    निलो मयूर, मुजुर
  • Oriya:
    ମୟୂର (ପୁରୁଷ), ମୟୂରୀ (ସ୍ତ୍ରୀ)
  • Sanskrit:
    मयूर, भुजङ्गभुज्
  • Tamil:
    இந்திய மயில்
  • Telugu:
    నెమలి
  • Urdu:
    ہندوستانی مور
Taxanomy

GALLIFORMES
PHASIANIDAE
Pavo cristatus

Quick Facts
  • It is the national bird of India.
  • A family of peacocks is called a bevy, while group of peacocks is called as party.
  • A chick of peacock can walk and eat by its own when it is a day old.
  • The long tail of an adult peacock is called a "train" and can reach 6 feet long.
Indian Peafowl

Range Map

Similar Birds

similar Birds you may like

img

Black Francolin

Francolinus francolinus
Read more
img

Blood Pheasant

Ithaginis cruentus
Read more
img

Blyth's Tragopan

Tragopan blythii
Read more
img

Cheer Pheasant

Catreus wallichii
Read more
img

Chukar Partridge

Alectoris chukar
Read more
img

Dusky Grouse

Dendragapus obscurus
Read more
img

Erckel's Francolin

Francolinus erckelii
Read more
img

Gray Partridge

Perdix perdix
Read more
img

Greater Prairie-Chicken

Tympanuchus cupido
Read more
img

Greater Sage-Grouse

Centrocercus urophasianus
Read more
img

Green Peafowl

Pavo muticus
Read more
img

Grey Francolin

Francolinus pondicerianus
Read more
img

Grey Junglefowl

Gallus sonneratii
Read more
img

Gunnison Sage-Grouse

Centrocercus minimus
Read more
img

Himalayan Monal

Lophophorus impejanus
Read more
img

Jungle Bush Quail

Perdicula asiatica
Read more
img

Kalij Pheasant

Lophura leucomelanos
Read more
img

Koklass Pheasant

Pucrasia macrolopha
Read more
img

Lesser Prairie-Chicken

Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
Read more
img

Mrs. Hume's Pheasant

Syrmaticus humiae
Read more
img

Ocellated Turkey

Meleagris ocellata
Read more
img

Painted Francolin

Francolinus pictus
Read more
img

Painted Spurfowl

Galloperdix lunulata
Read more
img

Rain Quail

Coturnix coromandelica
Read more
img

Red Junglefowl

Gallus gallus
Read more
img

Red Spurfowl

Galloperdix spadicea
Read more
img

Rock Bush Quail

Perdicula argoondah
Read more
img

Rock Ptarmigan

Lagopus muta
Read more
img

Rufous-throated Partridge

Arborophila rufogularis
Read more
img

Sharp-tailed Grouse

Tympanuchus phasianellus
Read more
img

Sooty Grouse

Dendragapus fuliginosus
Read more
img

Spruce Grouse

Falcipennis canadensis
Read more
img

Temminck's Tragopan

Tragopan temminckii
Read more
img

Western Tragopan

Tragopan melanocephalus
Read more
img

White-tailed Ptarmigan

Lagopus leucura
Read more
img

Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo
Read more