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Mammals

Red
Panda

Endangered

Decreasing

Red Panda

Ailurus fulgens

The red panda is a carnivoran native to the eastern Himalayas and southwestern China. It is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List because the wild population is estimated at fewer than 10,000 mature individuals and continues to decline due to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression. The red panda has reddish-brown fur, a long, shaggy tail, and a waddling gait due to its shorter front legs; it is roughly the size of a domestic cat, though with a longer body. It is arboreal and feeds mainly on bamboo, but also eats eggs, birds, and insects. It is a solitary animal, mainly active from dusk to dawn, and is largely sedentary during the day.

Lesser panda, Red bear-cat, Red cat-bear

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    লাল পান্ডা
  • Gujarati:
    રાતો પાંડા
  • Malayalam:
    ചെമ്പൻ പാണ്ട
  • Marathi:
    तांबडा पांडा
  • Nepali:
    हाब्रे
  • Oriya:
    ଲାଲ ପାଣ୍ଡା
  • Tamil:
    சிவப்பு பாண்டா
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Taxanomy



Ailurus fulgens

Quick Facts
  • It is a state animal of Sikkim.