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Flowers

Babool

Not Evaluated

Unknown

Babool

Acacia nilotica

Babool is a medium to large tree, native to West Asia, that can reach a height of 10 m, with an average of 4-7 m in height. The bark is blackish grey or dark brown in mature trees and deeply grooved, with longitudinal fissures. Paired, slender, straight spines grow from a single base and sometimes curve backwards, are up to 80 mm long and whitish but often reddish brown in colour. The leaves are twice compound, i.e. they consist of 5-11 feather-like pairs of pinnae; each pinna is further divided into 7-25 pairs of small, elliptic leaflets that can be bottle to bright green in colour. Flowers are bright yellow, numerous, in fluffy globular heads 1.2 cm diameter, usually in clusters of 2 to 6, on individual pubescent axillary stalks 1.5 to 2 cm long.

Gum Arabic

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    বাবলা
  • Gujarati:
    બાવળ, બાવળિયો
  • Hindi:
    बबूल, कीकर, खैर
  • Kannada:
    ಕರಿಜಾಲಿ
  • Malayalam:
    കരിവേലം
  • Marathi:
    बाभूळ
  • Nepali:
    बबुल
  • Punjabi:
    ਕਿੱਕਰ
  • Sanskrit:
    बब्बूल, खदिर, वर्वू
  • Tamil:
    கருவேலம், கறுவேளை
  • Telugu:
    నల్లతుమ్మ
Media Gallery
Taxanomy

FABALES
MIMOSACEAE
Acacia nilotica

Babool

Range Map