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Birds

Crimson-backed
Sunbird

Least Concern

Unknown

Crimson-backed Sunbird

Leptocoma minima

Crimson-backed sunbirds are tiny, even by sunbird standards, and are only 8 cm long. They have medium-length thin down-curved bills and brush-tipped tubular tongues, both adaptations for nectar feeding.

The adult male is velvety red on the mantle and wing coverts and there is a broad red breast band. The crown is shiny green and there are pink-violet patches on the throat and rump. The underside from the breast below is yellowish. There is a black edge to the bib that separates the yellow of the underside. The larger purple-rumped sunbird can appear very similar but this sunbird has a darker maroon on the upper side while the flanks and vent are whitish. The eclipse plumage (non-breeding) of the male has more olive on the head and velvet red is restricted to the lower mantle and wing coverts. The female is olive-brown but the rump is distinctly red. They may be found in good numbers in flower-rich gardens at the edges of forests or plantations.

Small Sunbird

Regional Names
  • Gujarati:
    નાનો શક્કરખોરો
  • Kannada:
    ಸಣ್ಣ ಸೂರಕ್ಕಿ
  • Malayalam:
    ചെറുതേൻകിളി
  • Marathi:
    छोटा सूर्यपक्षी, छोटा शिंजीर
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Taxanomy

PASSERIFORMES
NECTARINIIDAE
Leptocoma minima

Quick Facts
  • It is endemic to Western Ghats of India.
Crimson-backed Sunbird

Range Map

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