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Birds

Barn
Owl

Least Concern

Stable

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

The barn owl is the most widely distributed species of owl, and one of the most widespread of all birds. It is also referred to as the common barn owl, to distinguish it from other species in its family. Barn owls specialise in hunting animals on the ground and nearly all of their food consists of small mammals which they locate by sound, their hearing being very acute.

The barn owl is a medium-sized, pale-coloured owl with long wings and a short, squarish tail. The pale face with its heart shape and black eyes give the flying bird a distinctive appearance, like a flat mask with oversized, oblique black eyeslits, the ridge of feathers above the bill somewhat resembling a nose.

Like most owls, the barn owl is nocturnal, relying on its acute sense of hearing when hunting in complete darkness. It often becomes active shortly before dusk and can sometimes be seen during the day when relocating from one roosting site to another.

Common Barn Owl, Screech Owl

Regional Names
  • Assamese:
    লক্ষী ফেঁচা
  • Bengali:
    লক্ষ্মীপেঁচা, লক্ষ্মীপ্যাঁচা
  • French:
    Effraie des clochers
  • Gujarati:
    રેવી દેવી
  • Hindi:
    कुरैया, करैल
  • Kannada:
    ಕಣಜ ಗೂಬೆ
  • Malayalam:
    വെള്ളിമൂങ്ങ
  • Marathi:
    गव्हाणी घुबड, कोठीचे घुबड
  • Nepali:
    गोठे लाटोकोसेरो
  • Sanskrit:
    कुवय, कुटरू
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Taxanomy

STRIGIFORMES
TYTONIDAE
Tyto alba

Quick Facts
  • It can swallow a large rat whole. After digesting its meal, the owl coughs up a pellet containing the rat's bones and fur.
  • It's night vision is 100 times better than human beings!
Barn Owl

Range Map

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