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Birds

Barn
Swallow

Least Concern

Decreasing

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

The Barn Swallow is the most widespread species of swallow in the world. A distinctive passerine bird with blue upperparts, a long, deeply forked tail and curved, pointed wings, it is found in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas.

The Barn Swallow is a bird of open country which normally uses man-made structures to breed and consequently has spread with human expansion. It builds a cup nest from mud pellets in barns or similar structures and feeds on insects caught in flight. This species lives in close association with humans, and its insect-eating habits mean that it is tolerated by man; this acceptance was reinforced in the past by superstitions regarding the bird and its nest.

Common Swallow

Regional Names
  • Assamese:
    টেলটুপী
  • Bengali:
    পাতি আবাবিল
  • French:
    Hirondelle rustique
  • Gujarati:
    શિયાળુ તારોડીયુ
  • Kannada:
    ಕವಲುತೋಕೆ
  • Malayalam:
    വയൽക്കോതി കത്രിക
  • Marathi:
    माळभिंगरी
  • Nepali:
    घर गौंथली
  • Spanish:
    golondrina común
  • Tamil:
    தகைவிலான், தகைவிலாங் குருவி
Media Gallery
Taxanomy

PASSERIFORMES
HIRUNDINIDAE
Hirundo rustica

Barn Swallow

Range Map

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